Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients.
The term malnutrition covers 2 broad groups of conditions. One is ‘undernutrition’—which includes stunting (low height for age), wasting (low weight for height), underweight (low weight for age) and micronutrient deficiencies or insufficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals). The other is overweight, obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer).
Consequences of Malnutrition:
Malnutrition affects people in every country. Around 1.9 billion adults worldwide are overweight, while 462 million are underweight. An estimated 41 million children under the age of 5 years are overweight or obese, while some 159 million are stunted and 50 million are wasted.
Many families cannot afford or access enough nutritious foods like fresh fruit and vegetables, legumes, meat and milk, while foods and drinks high in fat, sugar and salt are cheaper and more readily available, leading to a rapid rise in the number of children and adults who are overweight and obese, in poor as well as rich countries.
Malnutrition in India:
“More than one third of the world’s malnourished children live in India. Among these, half of the children under three years old are underweight and a third of wealthiest children are over-nutriented.” said the joint study by Assocham and EY. The report found that towards the end of 2015, 40% (i.e. 50.8 million) of the Indian children were undernourished.
About 37% of under-five children are underweight, 39% are stunted, 21% are wasted and 8% are severely acutely malnourished.
Only about 10 per cent children under the age 6-23 months are receiving an adequate diet.
In the age bracket of 1-5 years, the prevalence of underweight children ranged from 42% in Jharkhand, followed by Bihar, MP and UP with 37%, 36% and 34.1% respectively, to 14.1% in Manipur. The prevalence of stunting ranged from 50.4% in UP to 19.4% in Kerala according to the report.
India is ranked as the third most obese nation of the world after US and China and is called the diabetes capital of the world, with about 69.2 million people living with it as per the 2015 data by WHO.
One of the major causes for malnutrition in India is economic inequality. Due to the low social status of some population groups, their diet often lacks in both quality and quantity.
It is important to understand that malnutrition derives not just from a lack of food but from a diverse set of interlinked processes linking health, care, education, sanitation and hygiene, access to resources, women’s empowerment and more.
Nutrition is a core pillar of human development and concrete, large-scale programming not only can reduce the burden of undernutrition and deprivation in countries but also can advance the progress of nations.
Urge policy-makers to promote a “health for all” agenda for HIV and related health services, such as tuberculosis (TB), hepatitis and noncommunicable diseases.
Event : World AIDS Day
When : 01 December 2018
Theme : Know Your Status
The world pledged to end AIDS by 2030. While we have seen remarkable progress in the past decade among children aged 0-9 years, adolescents have been left behind in HIV prevention efforts. A staggering 360,000 adolescents are projected to die of AIDS-related diseases between 2018 and 2030 without additional investment in HIV prevention, testing and treatment programs.
Global status report on road safety 2015
Ten Points about Diwali||
1. The Hindus In India Celebrated Many Festival.
Technology in Today’s World and in the Future ||
Technology is an essential part of our lives today and few can imagine living without. We achieved a lot with the help of technology, for example we have the possibility to travel, keep in touch with friends on the other side of the earth and cure many illnesses. It means more freedom and choices for people but at the same time we have to consider the social imbalance, weapons of mass destruction and natural resource depletion.
Jane Godall asks for a reason: “We are the most intelligent species walking on earth, how it comes we destroy on what we depend?”
What has achieved so far is irrevocable, but we can still determine where it goes in the future.
Technology in our today’s life.
When it comes to the way we communicate, modern technology has had an impressive influence on communication in the 21stcentury and daily life in general. Very few students and teachers would disagree with this notion.
The advancement in technology has made it possible for teachers to impart knowledge to students from any location. In the past, there had to be a physical contact for any class to hold.
Now, there is no specific need for that as both the tutor and the learner can communicate via different media and platforms such as Skype. Digital technology has also changed what people term as ‘media.’ A media company isn’t necessarily a news platform anymore.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights empowers us all.
The power of the Universal Declaration is the power of ideas to change the world. It inspires us to continue working to ensure all people can gain freedom, equality and dignity.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.
Free and equal
All human beings are born free and equal and should be treated the same way.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Freedom from discrimination
Everyone can claim their rights regardless of sex, race, language, religion, social standing, etc.
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.
Right to life
Everyone has the right to life and to live in freedom and safety.
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
Freedom from slavery
No one has the right to treat you as a slave nor should you enslave anyone.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
Freedom from torture
No one has the right to torture you.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Right to recognition before the law
You should be legally protected in the same way everywhere like anyone else.
Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
Right to equality before the law
The law is the same for everyone and should be applied in the same manner to all.
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Access to justice
You have the right to obtain legal help and access the justice system when your rights are not respected.
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
Freedom from arbitrary detention
No one can arrest or detain you arbitrarily , or send you away from your country unjustly.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
Right to a fair trial
Trials should be public and tried in a fair manner by an impartial and independent tribunal.
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
To read Article 11 to 30 please click here
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